Melodic Mosaic: A Journey Through Popular Indian Musical Instruments

Instrument Care & Tips

Indian musical instruments have a rich and diverse history that spans thousands of years. The roots of Indian music can be traced back to ancient times, as evidenced by references in texts such as the Vedas and the Natya Shastra.

In the modern era, Indian musical instruments have adapted to changing musical preferences and technological advancements. Traditional instruments have been combined with modern innovations, such as the electric sitar and electronic tabla, to cater to contemporary music styles.

Today, Indian musical instruments continue to be revered for their unique sounds, versatility, and cultural significance. They play a vital role in various genres of music, from classical and devotional to folk and popular music, keeping alive the rich musical heritage of India.


A stringed instrument with a long neck and gourd resonating chamber, widely used in Hindustani classical music.
Tabla: A pair of drums consisting of a small drum (dayan) and a larger drum (bayan), used in both Hindustani and Carnatic classical music.


A plucked string instrument with a long neck and resonating chamber, available in various types, such as Saraswati veena and Rudra veena.

Flute (Bansuri)

A bamboo wind instrument with holes that are covered and uncovered to produce different notes, used in classical and folk music.


A keyboard instrument with hand-pumped bellows that produce sound by air passing through reeds, commonly used in Indian classical music and devotional songs.


A fretless string instrument with metal strings and a skin-covered resonating chamber, primarily used in Hindustani classical music.


A trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer with strings played with wooden mallets, popular in Indian classical music, especially in the northern region.


A double-headed drum used in Carnatic classical music, played with hands and known for its rhythmic complexity.


A double-reed wind instrument with a conical wooden body, often played in weddings and auspicious occasions.


A two-headed drum played with hands, widely used in folk music and popular music genres in India.


A string instrument similar to the violin, played with a bow, known for its melancholic sound, used in North Indian classical music.


A bowed string instrument with a resonating chamber, played with a bow and known for its expressive capabilities in classical music.


A barrel-shaped double-headed drum, used in dhrupad and other forms of classical music.


A clay pot with a narrow mouth, played by striking the pot with the hands, commonly used in Carnatic music.

Jal tarang

A musical instrument consisting of a set of ceramic or metal bowls filled with water, played by striking the bowls to produce melodic tones.


A one-stringed instrument played with plucking or bowing, often used in folk music and devotional songs.


A long-necked plucked string instrument that provides a drone accompaniment in classical music, typically played in a sitting position.


A double-reed wind instrument with a long wooden body, used in Carnatic classical music and temple ceremonies.

Mohan veena

A slide guitar-like instrument invented by Pandit Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, combining elements of the slide guitar and the veena.


A wind instrument made from a dried gourd and two reed pipes, traditionally used by snake charmers.


A double-headed drum played with sticks, popular in Punjabi folk music and Bhangra dance.


A stringed instrument with a resonating chamber made of wood or coconut shell, played with a bow, widely used in Kashmiri music.


A large cylindrical drum played with sticks, commonly used in traditional Indian music and folk performances.


A conch shell trumpet used in religious ceremonies and as a musical instrument in classical and devotional music.


A barrel-shaped double-headed drum with a rich tonal

Mayuri veena

Also known as the peacock veena, it is a unique string instrument with a peacock-shaped resonator, used in classical music.


A stringed instrument similar to a harp, played by plucking the strings with fingers, commonly used for accompanying classical vocal performances.


A large bowed string instrument with a peacock-shaped resonator, primarily used in Sikh classical music.

Tar Shehnai

A small-sized shehnai with a shrill and bright sound, often used in wedding processions and auspicious occasions.

Rudra veena

An ancient plucked string instrument with a large resonator and a long neck, played in dhrupad style of classical music, known for its deep and resonant sound.